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Journal Articles eLife Year : 2020

Combining magnetoencephalography with magnetic resonance imaging enhances learning of surrogate-biomarkers

Abstract

Electrophysiological methods, that is M/EEG, provide unique views into brain health. Yet, when building predictive models from brain data, it is often unclear how electrophysiology should be combined with other neuroimaging methods. Information can be redundant, useful common representations of multimodal data may not be obvious and multimodal data collection can be medically contraindicated, which reduces applicability. Here, we propose a multimodal model to robustly combine MEG, MRI and fMRI for prediction. We focus on age prediction as a surrogate biomarker in 674 subjects from the Cam-CAN dataset. Strikingly, MEG, fMRI and MRI showed additive effects supporting distinct brain-behavior associations. Moreover, the contribution of MEG was best explained by cortical power spectra between 8 and 30 Hz. Finally, we demonstrate that the model preserves benefits of stacking when some data is missing. The proposed framework, hence, enables multimodal learning for a wide range of biomarkers from diverse types of brain signals.

Dates and versions

hal-02395406 , version 1 (05-12-2019)

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Denis ​ Engemann, Oleh Kozynets, David Sabbagh, Guillaume Lemaître, Gaël Varoquaux, et al.. Combining magnetoencephalography with magnetic resonance imaging enhances learning of surrogate-biomarkers. eLife, 2020, ⟨10.7554/eLife.54055⟩. ⟨hal-02395406⟩
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