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Journal Articles Bulletin of Mathematical Biology Year : 2018

Multi-type Galton-Watson processes with affinity-dependent selection applied to antibody affinity maturation

Processus de Galton-Watson multi-type avec sélection dépendante de l'affinité appliqués à la maturation d'affinité des anticorps

Abstract

We analyze the interactions between division, mutation and selection in a simplified evolutionary model, assuming that the population observed can be classified into fitness levels. The construction of our mathematical framework is motivated by the modeling of antibody affinity maturation of B-cells in Germinal Centers during an immune response. This is a key process in adaptive immunity leading to the production of high affinity antibodies against a presented antigen. Our aim is to understand how the different biological parameters affect the system’s functionality. We identify the existence of an optimal value of the selection rate, able to maximize the number of selected B-cells for a given generation.
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Dates and versions

hal-01937856 , version 1 (28-11-2018)

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Cite

Irene Balelli, Vuk Milisic, Gilles Wainrib. Multi-type Galton-Watson processes with affinity-dependent selection applied to antibody affinity maturation. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, In press, ⟨10.1007/s11538-018-00548-y⟩. ⟨hal-01937856⟩
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