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Journal Articles Applied Physics Letters Year : 2018

Airborne ultrasound surface motion camera: application to seismocardiography

Abstract

The recent achievements in the accelerometer-based seismocardiography field indicate a strong potential for this technique to address wide variety of clinical needs. Recordings from different locations on the chest can give a more comprehensive observation and interpretation of wave propagation phenomena than a single-point recording, can validate existing modeling assumptions (such as the representation of the sternum as a single solid body), and provide better identifiability for models using richer recordings. Ultimately, the goal is to advance our physiological understanding of the processes to provide useful data to promote cardiovascular health. Accelerometer-based multichannel system is a contact method and laborious for use in practice, also even ultralight accelerometers can cause non-negligible loading effects. We propose a new contactless ultrasound imaging method to measure thoracic and abdominal surface motions, demonstrating that it is adequate for typical seismocardiogram use. The developed method extends non-contact surface-vibrometry to fast 2D mapping by originally combining multi-element airborne ultrasound arrays, a synthetic aperture implementation and pulsed-waves. Experimental results show the ability of the developed method to obtain 2D seismocardiographic maps of the body surface 30×40 cm 2 in dimension, with a temporal sampling rate of several hundred Hz, using ultrasound waves with the central frequency of 40 kHz. Our implementation was validated in-vivo on eight healthy human participants. The shape and position of the zone of maximal absolute acceleration and velocity during the cardiac cycle were also observed. This technology could potentially be used to obtain more complete cardio-vascular information than single-source SCG in and out of clinical environments, due to enhanced identifiability provided by distributed measurements, and observation of propagation phenomena.
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Dates and versions

hal-01791827 , version 1 (14-05-2018)

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Pavel Shirkovskiy, Alexandre Laurin, Nathan Jeger-Madiot, Dominique Chapelle, Mathias Fink, et al.. Airborne ultrasound surface motion camera: application to seismocardiography. Applied Physics Letters, 2018, 112, ⟨10.1063/1.5028348⟩. ⟨hal-01791827⟩
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