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Journal Articles Journal of Mathematical Biology Year : 2017

Augmentative biocontrol when natural enemies are subject to Allee effects

Abstract

Intraspecific interactions such as Allee effects are key properties that can guide population management. This contribution considers component Allee effects that are elementary mechanisms leading to declines of fitness at the population scale, i.e. demographic Allee effects. It especially focuses on the consequences of such properties in predator populations, and investigates their repercussions in a biological control context. A modelling framework able to account for reproductive and/or foraging component Allee effects is proposed. From this, four models of augmentative biological control, corresponding to the periodic introduction of natural enemies, have been investigated. This is done using semi-discrete models: ordinary differential equations are used to depict predator-prey dynamics and a discrete equation describes the abrupt augmentation of predators at periodic intervals. In that context, stability of a prey-free solution corresponding to pest eradication has been analyzed. It has been found that rare but large introductions should be preferred over frequent and small ones, when Allee effects influence predator populations. In particular, the occurence of foraging, rather than reproducing, Allee effects significantly hinders pest eradication. Cases where the pest-free solution is locally, but not globally, stable were also observed and were shown to be favoured by the occurence of reproductive Allee effects among predators.
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Dates and versions

hal-01402250 , version 1 (24-11-2016)
hal-01402250 , version 2 (14-03-2022)

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Nicolas Bajeux, Frédéric Grognard, Ludovic Mailleret. Augmentative biocontrol when natural enemies are subject to Allee effects. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 2017, 74 (7), pp.1561 - 1587. ⟨10.1007/s00285-016-1063-8⟩. ⟨hal-01402250v2⟩
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