Emergence and Propagation of Patterns in Nonlocal Reaction-Diffusion Equations Arising in the Theory of Speciation. - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Book Sections Year : 2013

Emergence and Propagation of Patterns in Nonlocal Reaction-Diffusion Equations Arising in the Theory of Speciation.

Abstract

Emergence and propagation of patterns in population dynamics is related to the process of speciation, appearance of new biological species. This process will be studied with a nonlocal reaction-diffusion equation where the integral term describes nonlocal consumption of resources. This equation can have several stationary points and, as it is already well known, a travelling wave solution which provides a transition between them. It is also possible that one of these stationary points loses its stability resulting in appearance of a stationary periodic in space structure. In this case, we can expect a possible transition between a stationary point and a periodic structure. The main goal of this work is to study such transitions. The loss of stability of the stationary point signifies that the essential spectrum of the operator linearized about the wave intersects the imaginary axis. Contrary to the usual Hopf bifurcation where a pair of isolated complex conjugate eigenvalues crosses the imaginary axis, here a periodic solution may not necessarily emerge. To describe dynamics of solutions, we need to consider two transitions: a steady wave with a constant speed between two stationary points, and a periodic wave between the stationary point which loses its stability and the periodic structure which appears around it. Both of these waves propagate in space, each one with its own speed. If the speed of the steady wave is greater, then it runs away from the periodic wave, and they propagate independently one after another.

Dates and versions

hal-00846559 , version 1 (19-07-2013)

Identifiers

Cite

Vitaly Volpert, Vitali Vougalter. Emergence and Propagation of Patterns in Nonlocal Reaction-Diffusion Equations Arising in the Theory of Speciation.. Dispersal, Individual Movement and Spatial Ecology, Springer-Verlag, pp.331-353, 2013, Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 978-3-642-35497-7. ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-35497-7_12⟩. ⟨hal-00846559⟩
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