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Journal Articles (Review Article) Annual Review of Biomedical Data Science Year : 2023

An Overview of Deep Generative Models in Functional and Evolutionary Genomics

Abstract

Following the widespread use of deep learning for genomics, deep generative modeling is also becoming a viable methodology for the broad field. Deep generative models (DGMs) can learn the complex structure of genomic data and allow researchers to generate novel genomic instances that retain the real characteristics of the original dataset. Aside from data generation, DGMs can also be used for dimensionality reduction by mapping the data space to a latent space, as well as for prediction tasks via exploitation of this learned mapping or supervised/semi-supervised DGM designs. In this review, we briefly introduce generative modeling and two currently prevailing architectures, we present conceptual applications along with notable examples in functional and evolutionary genomics, and we provide our perspective on potential challenges and future directions.
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hal-04243980 , version 1 (16-10-2023)

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Burak Yelmen, Flora Jay. An Overview of Deep Generative Models in Functional and Evolutionary Genomics. Annual Review of Biomedical Data Science, 2023, 6 (1), pp.173-189. ⟨10.1146/annurev-biodatasci-020722-115651⟩. ⟨hal-04243980⟩
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