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Conference Papers Year : 2024

Unsupervised speech enhancement with diffusion-based generative models

Abstract

Recently, conditional score-based diffusion models have gained significant attention in the field of supervised speech enhancement, yielding state-of-the-art performance. However, these methods may face challenges when generalising to unseen conditions. To address this issue, we introduce an alternative approach that operates in an unsupervised manner, leveraging the generative power of diffusion models. Specifically, in a training phase, a clean speech prior distribution is learnt in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) domain using score-based diffusion models, allowing it to unconditionally generate clean speech from Gaussian noise. Then, we develop a posterior sampling methodology for speech enhancement by combining the learnt clean speech prior with a noise model for speech signal inference. The noise parameters are simultaneously learnt along with clean speech estimation through an iterative expectationmaximisation (EM) approach. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work exploring diffusion-based generative models for unsupervised speech enhancement, demonstrating promising results compared to a recent variational auto-encoder (VAE)-based unsupervised approach and a state-of-the-art diffusion-based supervised method. It thus opens a new direction for future research in unsupervised speech enhancement.
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Dates and versions

hal-04210707 , version 1 (19-09-2023)
hal-04210707 , version 2 (19-01-2024)

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Berné Nortier, Mostafa Sadeghi, Romain Serizel. Unsupervised speech enhancement with diffusion-based generative models. International Conference on Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), IEEE, Apr 2024, Seoul (Korea), South Korea. ⟨10.48550/arXiv.2309.10450⟩. ⟨hal-04210707v2⟩
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