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Journal Articles Journal of Hydraulic Engineering Year : 2023

Small-Scale Modeling of Flexible Barriers. I: Mechanical Similitude of the Structure

Abstract

Flexible barriers can be used to trap woody debris or debris flows. However, their small scale modelling is challenging because of their possible deformation. This article addresses how to meet the partial mechanical similitude of manufactured flexible barriers. Relevant dimensionless parameters are defined from flow velocity, barrier geometry, and component mechanical properties. These similitude criteria are validated using numerical simulations of barriers exposed to a hydrodynamic loading at various scales. The simulations also confirm the importance of accounting for the mechanical characteristics of the barrier components when designing model barriers in view of achieving realistic deformations. Next, a real barrier with complex features is scaled to conduct flume experiments. This scaled barrier is 3D-printed with material selected to achieve the mechanical similitude criterion. Another validation of this approach is performed considering hydrostatic loading and checking that simulated and measured deformations are similar. As an application case, the deformations measured during the experiments performed with woody debris are also compared to the hydrostatic loading. Introduction
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hal-03917623 , version 1 (02-01-2023)

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Stéphane Lambert, Franck Bourrier, Ana-Rocio Ceron-Mayo, Loïc Dugelas, Fabien Dubois, et al.. Small-Scale Modeling of Flexible Barriers. I: Mechanical Similitude of the Structure. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 2023, 149 (3), pp.04022043. ⟨10.1061/JHEND8.HYENG-13070⟩. ⟨hal-03917623⟩
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