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Journal Articles Antibiotics Year : 2022

Population Pharmacokinetics of Orally Administered Clindamycin to Treat Prosthetic Joint Infections: A Prospective Study

Abstract

A population PK model of clindamycin orally administered to patients with prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) was developed using NONMEM 7.5. Monte-Carlo simulations were run to determine the probability of obtaining bone clindamycin concentrations equal to at least the MIC or four times the MIC for several MIC values and dosing regimens. One hundred and forty plasma concentrations prospectively obtained from 20 patients with PJIs were used. A one-compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination appropriately described the data. Mean PK-parameter estimates (F being the bioavailability) were: apparent clearance, CL/F = 23 L/h, apparent distribution volume, V/F = 103 l and absorption rate constant, Ka = 3.53/h, with respective interindividual variabilities (coefficients of variation) of 14.4%, 8.2% and 59.6%. Neither goodness-of-fit curves nor visual predictive checks indicated bias. The currently recommended 600 mg q8h regimen provided a high probability of obtaining concentrations equal to at least the MIC, except for MIC ≥ the clinical breakpoint for Staphylococcus spp. (0.25 mg/L). For such MIC values, higher daily doses and q6h regimens could be considered.

Dates and versions

hal-03911624 , version 1 (23-12-2022)

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Léo Mimram, Sophie Magréault, Younes Kerroumi, Dominique Salmon, Benjamin Kably, et al.. Population Pharmacokinetics of Orally Administered Clindamycin to Treat Prosthetic Joint Infections: A Prospective Study. Antibiotics, 2022, 11 (11), pp.1462. ⟨10.3390/antibiotics11111462⟩. ⟨hal-03911624⟩
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