Effect of bariatric surgery on cancer risk: results from an emulated target trial using population-based data - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles British Journal of Surgery Year : 2022

Effect of bariatric surgery on cancer risk: results from an emulated target trial using population-based data

Abstract

Abstract Background The impact of weight loss induced by bariatric surgery on cancer occurrence is controversial. To study the causal effect of bariatric surgery on cancer risk from an observational database, a target-trial emulation technique was used to mimic an RCT. Methods Data on patients admitted between 2010 and 2019 with a diagnosis of obesity were extracted from a national hospital discharge database. Criteria for inclusion included eligibility criteria for bariatric surgery and the absence of cancer in the 2 years following inclusion. The intervention arms were bariatric surgery versus no surgery. Outcomes were the occurrence of any cancer and obesity-related cancer; cancers not related to obesity were used as negative controls. Results A total of 1 140 347 patients eligible for bariatric surgery were included in the study. Some 288 604 patients (25.3 per cent) underwent bariatric surgery. A total of 48 411 cancers were identified, including 4483 in surgical patients and 43 928 among patients who did not receive bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery was associated with a decrease in the risk of obesity-related cancer (hazard ratio (HR) 0.89, 95 per cent c.i. 0.83 to 0.95), whereas no significant effect of surgery was identified with regard to cancers not related to obesity (HR 0.96, 0.91 to 1.01). Conclusion When emulating a target trial from observational data, a reduction of 11 per cent in obesity-related cancer was found after bariatric surgery.
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Dates and versions

hal-03825952 , version 1 (23-10-2022)

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Andrea Lazzati, Salomé Epaud, Matthieu Ortala, Sandrine Katsahian, Emilie Lanoy. Effect of bariatric surgery on cancer risk: results from an emulated target trial using population-based data. British Journal of Surgery, 2022, 109 (5), pp.433-438. ⟨10.1093/bjs/znac003⟩. ⟨hal-03825952⟩
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