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Journal Articles Antibiotics Year : 2022

Clinical Decision Support Systems for Antibiotic Prescribing: An Inventory of Current French Language Tools

Abstract

Clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) are increasingly being used by clinicians to support antibiotic decision making in infection management. However, coexisting CDSSs often target different types of physicians, infectious situations, and patient profiles. The objective of this study was to perform an up-to-date inventory of French language CDSSs currently used in community and hospital settings for antimicrobial prescribing and to describe their main characteristics. A literature search, a search among smartphone application stores, and an open discussion with antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) experts were conducted in order to identify available French language CDSSs. Any clinical decision support tool that provides a personalized recommendation based on a clinical situation and/or a patient was included. Eleven CDSSs were identified through the search strategy. Of the 11 CDSSs, only 2 had been the subject of published studies, while 9 CDSSs were identified through smartphone application stores and expert knowledge. The majority of CDSSs were available free of charge (n = 8/11, 73%). Most CDSSs were accessible via smartphone applications (n = 9/11, 82%) and online websites (n = 8/11, 73%). Recommendations for antibiotic prescribing in urinary tract infections, upper and lower respiratory tract infections, and digestive tract infections were provided by over 90% of the CDSSs. More than 90% of the CDSSs displayed recommendations for antibiotic selection, prioritization, dosage, duration, route of administration, and alternative antibiotics in case of allergy. Information about antibiotic side effects, prescription recommendations for specific patient profiles and adaptation to local epidemiology were often missing or incomplete. There is a significant but heterogeneous offer for antibiotic prescribing decision support in French language. Standardized evaluation of these systems is needed to assess their impact on antimicrobial prescribing and antimicrobial resistance.
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Dates and versions

hal-03738939 , version 1 (28-07-2022)

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Claire Durand, Serge Alfandari, Guillaume Béraud, Rosy Tsopra, François-Xavier Lescure, et al.. Clinical Decision Support Systems for Antibiotic Prescribing: An Inventory of Current French Language Tools. Antibiotics, 2022, 11 (3), pp.384. ⟨10.3390/antibiotics11030384⟩. ⟨hal-03738939⟩
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