Decision-support systems for managing polypharmacy in the elderly: A scoping review - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Biomedical Informatics Year : 2022

Decision-support systems for managing polypharmacy in the elderly: A scoping review

Abstract

Polypharmacy, the consuming of more than five drugs, is a public health problem. It can lead to many interactions and adverse drug reactions and is very expensive. Therapeutic guidelines for managing polypharmacy in the elderly have been issued, but are highly complex, limiting their use. Decision-support systems have therefore been developed to automate the execution of these guidelines, or to provide information about drugs adapted to the context of polypharmacy. These systems differ widely in terms of their technical design, knowledge sources and evaluation methods. We present here a scoping review of electronic systems for supporting the management, by healthcare providers, of polypharmacy in elderly patients. Most existing reviews have focused mainly on evaluation results, whereas the present review also describes the technical design of these systems and the methodologies for developing and evaluating them. A systematic bibliographic search identified 19 systems differing considerably in terms of their technical design (rule-based systems, documentary approach, mixed); outputs (textual report, alerts and/or visual approaches); and evaluations (impact on clinical practices, impact on patient outcomes, efficiency and/or user satisfaction). The evaluations performed are minimal (among all the systems identified, only one system has been evaluated according to all the criteria mentioned above) and no machine learning systems and/or conflict management systems were retrieved. This review highlights the need to develop new methodologies, combining various approaches for decision support system in polypharmacy.
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hal-03651749 , version 1 (27-05-2024)

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Abdelmalek Mouazer, Rosy Tsopra, Karima Sedki, Catherine Letord, Jean-Baptiste Lamy. Decision-support systems for managing polypharmacy in the elderly: A scoping review. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 2022, pp.104074. ⟨10.1016/j.jbi.2022.104074⟩. ⟨hal-03651749⟩
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