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Journal Articles Journal of Geriatric Oncology Year : 2022

Functional status in older patients with cancer


Background Functional Status (FS) is an important domain in Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) and is most often evaluated using the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scales separately. Method and objectives This secondary analysis of a previous prospective cohort study was conducted between September 2015 and May 2018 at Marseille University Hospital, France, on 613 cancer outpatients aged ≥70 years. The first objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of FS impairment in older outpatients with cancer using a combination of the information collected with the ADL and short IADL scales. Our second objective was to describe the potential impact of this combined FS on three-month unplanned hospitalizations and three-month mortality in this population. Results The median age was 81 years and 61.2% were men. The most common types of tumours were lung and thoracic (22.3%). Concerning FS, 255 patients (41.6%) had unimpaired ADL-IADL, 131 patients (21.4%) had IADL impairment, 38 patients (6.2%) had ADL impairment, and 189 patients (30.8%) had impaired ADL-IADL. In the multivariate Cox analysis, metastatic stage (adjusted Hazard Ratio (aHR) = 1.79; 95% CI [1.14–2.80]) and impaired ADL-IADL (aHR = 3.46; 95% CI [1.89–6.33]) were independently associated with three-month mortality. In the logistic regression model, impaired ADL-IADL (adjusted Odd ratio (aOR) = 3.64; 95% CI [1.84–7.20]) was the only factor independently associated with three-month unplanned hospitalizations. Interpretation The combined use of the ADL and IADL scales to evaluate functional status in older patients with cancer is of significant prognostic value regarding the risks of three-month unplanned hospitalizations and mortality.

Dates and versions

hal-03585184 , version 1 (23-02-2022)



Anne-Laure Couderc, Pierre Suchon, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Dominique Rey, Emilie Nouguerede, et al.. Functional status in older patients with cancer. Journal of Geriatric Oncology, 2022, 13 (1), pp.40-45. ⟨10.1016/j.jgo.2021.07.004⟩. ⟨hal-03585184⟩
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