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Journal Articles Bioinformatics Year : 2022

Towards a reproducible interactome: semantic-based detection of redundancies to unify protein-protein interaction databases

Abstract

Motivation: Information on protein-protein interactions is collected in numerous primary databases with their own curation process. Several meta-databases aggregate primary databases to provide more exhaustive datasets. In addition to exhaustivity, aggregation contributes to reliability by providing an overview of the various studies and detection methods supporting an interaction. However, interactions listed in different primary databases are partly redundant because some publications reporting protein-protein interactions have been curated by multiple primary databases. Mere aggregation can thus introduce a bias if these redundancies are not identified and eliminated. To overcome this bias, meta-databases rely on the Molecular Interaction ontology that describes interaction detection methods, but they do not fully take advantage of the ontology’s rich semantics, which leads to systematically overestimating interaction reproducibility.Results: We propose a precise definition of explicit and implicit redundancy, and show that both can be easily detected using Semantic Web technologies. We apply this process to a dataset from the APID meta-database and show that while explicit redundancies were detected by the APID aggregation process, about 15% of APID entries are implicitly redundant and should not be taken into account when presenting confidence-related metrics. More than 90% of implicit redundancies result from the aggregation of distinct primary databases, while the remaining occurs between entries of a single database. Finally, we build a” reproducible interactome” with interactions that have been reproduced by multiple methods or publications. The size of the reproducible interactome is drastically impacted by removing redundancies for both yeast (-59%) and human (-56%), and we show that this is largely due to implicit redundancies.
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Dates and versions

hal-03522989 , version 1 (12-01-2022)

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Marc Melkonian, Camille Juigné, Olivier Dameron, Gwenaël Rabut, Emmanuelle Becker. Towards a reproducible interactome: semantic-based detection of redundancies to unify protein-protein interaction databases. Bioinformatics, 2022, Proceedings, 38 (6), pp.1-7. ⟨10.1093/bioinformatics/btac013⟩. ⟨hal-03522989⟩
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