A stochastic model of hippocampal synaptic plasticity with geometrical readout of enzyme dynamics - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2021

A stochastic model of hippocampal synaptic plasticity with geometrical readout of enzyme dynamics

Abstract

Discovering the rules of synaptic plasticity is an important step for understanding brain learning. Existing plasticity models are either 1) top-down and interpretable, but not flexible enough to account for experimental data, or 2) bottom-up and biologically realistic, but too intricate to interpret and hard to fit to data. We fill the gap between these approaches by uncovering a new plasticity rule based on a geometrical readout mechanism that flexibly maps synaptic enzyme dynamics to plasticity outcomes. We apply this readout to a multi-timescale model of hippocampal synaptic plasticity induction that includes electrical dynamics, calcium, CaMKII and calcineurin, and accurate representation of intrinsic noise sources. Using a single set of model parameters, we demonstrate the robustness of this plasticity rule by reproducing nine published ex vivo experiments covering various spike-timing and frequency-dependent plasticity induction protocols, animal ages, and experimental conditions. The model also predicts that in vivo -like spike timing irregularity strongly shapes plasticity outcome. This geometrical readout modelling approach can be readily applied to other excitatory or inhibitory synapses to discover their synaptic plasticity rules.

Dates and versions

hal-03259012 , version 1 (12-06-2021)

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Yuri Rodrigues, Cezar Tigaret, Hélène Marie, Cian O’donnell, Romain Veltz. A stochastic model of hippocampal synaptic plasticity with geometrical readout of enzyme dynamics. 2021. ⟨hal-03259012⟩
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