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Journal Articles Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming Year : 2022

Compositional Equivalences Based on Open pNets


Establishing equivalences between programs is crucial both for verifying correctness of programs and for justifying optimisations and program transformations. There exist several equivalence relations for programs, and bisimulations are among the most versatile of these equivalences. Among bisimulations one distinguishes strong bisimulation that requires that each action of a program is simulated by a single action of the equivalent program, and weak bisimulation that allows some of the actions to be invisible, and thus not simulated. pNet is a generalisation of automata that model open systems. They feature variables and hierarchical composition. Open pNets are pNets with holes, i.e. placeholders that can be filled later by subsystems. However, there is no standard tool for defining the semantics of an open system in this context. This article first defines open automata that are labelled transition systems with parameters and holes. Relying on open automata, it then defines bisimilarity relations for the comparison of systems specified as pNets. We first present a strong bisimilarity for open pNets called FH-bisimilarity. Next we offer an equivalence relation similar to the classical weak bisimulation equivalence, and study its properties. Among these properties we are interested in compositionality: if two systems are proven equivalent they will be indistinguishable by their context, and they will also be indistinguishable when their holes are filled with equivalent systems. We identify sufficient conditions to ensure compositionality of strong and weak bisimulation. The contributions of this article are illustrated using a transport protocol as running example.
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Dates and versions

hal-03894031 , version 1 (08-01-2021)
hal-03894031 , version 2 (12-12-2022)





Rabéa Ameur-Boulifa, Ludovic Henrio, Eric Madelaine. Compositional Equivalences Based on Open pNets. Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming, 2022, 131, pp.100842. ⟨10.1016/j.jlamp.2022.100842⟩. ⟨hal-03894031v2⟩
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