Estimation of Multiple Inflows and Effective Channel by Assimilation of Multi-satellite Hydraulic Signatures: The Ungauged Anabranching Negro River - Inria - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies du numérique Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Hydrology Year : 2020

Estimation of Multiple Inflows and Effective Channel by Assimilation of Multi-satellite Hydraulic Signatures: The Ungauged Anabranching Negro River

Adrien Paris

Abstract

With the upcoming SWOT satellite mission, which should provide spatially dense river surface elevation, width and slope observations globally, comes the opportunity to assimilate such data into hydrodynamic models, from the reach scale to the hydrographic network scale. Based on the HiVDI (Hierarchical Variational Discharge Inversion) modeling strategy (Larnier et al. [#Larnier2019]), this study tackles the forward and inverse modeling capabilities of distributed channel parameters and multiple inflows (in the 1D Saint-Venant model) from multisatellite observations of river surface. It is shown on synthetic cases that the estimation of both inflows and distributed channel parameters (bathymetry-friction) is achievable with a minimum spatial observability between inflows as long as their hydraulic signature is sampled. Next, a real case is studied: 871 km of the Negro river (Amazon basin) including complex multichannel reaches, 21 tributaries and backwater controls from major confluences. An effective modeling approach is proposed using (i) WS elevations from ENVISAT data and dense in situ GPS flow lines (Moreira [#DanielPhD]), (ii) average river top widths from optical imagery (Pekel et al. [#Pekel_Nature]), (iii) upstream and lateral flows from the MGB large-scale hydrological model (Paiva et al. [#paiva2013]). The calibrated effective hydraulic model closely fits satellite altimetry observations and presents real like spatial variabilities; flood wave propagation and water surface observation frequential features are analyzed with identifiability maps following Brisset et al. [#Brisset_2018]. Synthetic SWOT observations are generated from the simulated flowlines and allow to infer model parameters (436 effective bathymetry points, 17 friction patches and 22 upstream and lateral hydrographs) given hydraulically coherent prior parameter values. Inferences of channel parameters carried out on this fine hydraulic model applied at a large scale give satisfying results using noisy SWOT-like data at reach scale. Inferences of spatially distributed temporal parameters (lateral inflows) give satisfying results as well, with even relatively small scale hydrograph variations being inferred accurately on this long reach. This study brings insights in: (i) the hydraulic visibility of multiple inflows hydrographs signature at large scale with SWOT; (ii) the simultaneous identifiability of spatially distributed channel parameters and inflows by assimilation of satellite altimetry data; (iii) the need for prior information; (iv) the need to further tailor and scale network hydrodynamic models and assimilation methods to improve the fusion of multisource information and potential information feedback to hydrological modules in integrated chains.
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Dates and versions

hal-02925863 , version 1 (31-08-2020)
hal-02925863 , version 2 (18-09-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Léo Pujol, Pierre-André Garambois, Pascal Finaud-Guyot, Jerome Monnier, Kévin Larnier, et al.. Estimation of Multiple Inflows and Effective Channel by Assimilation of Multi-satellite Hydraulic Signatures: The Ungauged Anabranching Negro River. Journal of Hydrology, 2020, pp.125331. ⟨10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125331⟩. ⟨hal-02925863v2⟩
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