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Journal Articles Computers, Environment and Urban Systems Year : 2019

Automatic mapping of urban wastewater networks based on manhole cover locations

Abstract

Accurate maps of wastewater networks in cities are mandatory for an integrated management of water resources. However, in many countries around the world this information is unavailable or inaccurate. A new mapping method is put forward to create maps using manhole cover locations which could be available via ground surveys, remote sensing techniques or stakeholder's databases. A new algorithm is developed which considers manhole covers as the nodes of the network and connects them automatically by minimizing cost functions defined by industry rules thus generating an optimized network. The various input data and rules used to build the deterministic tree-shaped graph being uncertain, a stochastic version of the algorithm is also proposed to generate a set of probable networks in addition to the optimized one. The method is tested on the wastewater networks of Prades-le-Lez and Ramnonville Saint Agne, two towns located in Southern France. The shape and topology of the mapped networks are compared to the actual one. The results indicate an overall good agreement between the real and generated networks. The proposed algorithm may thus be used to map wastewater networks from sampled georeferenced manhole covers, elevation and street network databases.
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Dates and versions

hal-02275903 , version 1 (11-09-2019)

Identifiers

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Nanée Chahinian, Carole Delenne, Benjamin Commandre, Mustapha Derras, Laurent Deruelle, et al.. Automatic mapping of urban wastewater networks based on manhole cover locations. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 2019, 78, pp.101370. ⟨10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2019.101370⟩. ⟨hal-02275903⟩
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