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Reports (Research Report) Year : 2021

The Complexity of two Colouring Games


We consider two variants of orthogonal colouring games on graphs. In these games, two players alternate colouring uncoloured vertices (from a choice of $m\in \mathbb{N}$ colours) of a pair of isomorphic graphs while respecting the properness and the orthogonality of the partial colourings. In the normal play variant, the first player unable to move loses. In the scoring variant, each player aims to maximise their score, which is the number of coloured vertices in their copy of the graph. We prove that, given an instance with a partial colouring, both the normal play and the scoring variant of the game are PSPACE-complete. An involution $\sigma$ of a graph G is strictly matched if its fixed point set induces a clique and $v\sigma(v)\in E(G)$ for any non-fixed point $v\in V(G)$. Andres, Huggan, Mc Inerney, and Nowakowski (The orthogonal colouring game. Theor. Comput. Sci., 795:312-325, 2019) gave a solution of the normal play variant played on graphs that admit a strictly matched involution. We prove that recognising graphs that admit a strictly matched involution is NP-complete.
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Dates and versions

hal-02053265 , version 1 (01-03-2019)
hal-02053265 , version 2 (04-03-2019)
hal-02053265 , version 3 (02-12-2021)


  • HAL Id : hal-02053265 , version 3


Stephan Dominique Andres, François Dross, Melissa Huggan, Fionn Mc Inerney, Richard J Nowakowski. The Complexity of two Colouring Games. [Research Report] CISPA Helmholtz Center for Information Security, Saarbrücken, Germany. 2021. ⟨hal-02053265v3⟩


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